A High Adherence to Six Food Targets of the Mediterranean Diet in the Late First Trimester is Associated with a Reduction in the Risk of Materno-Foetal Outcomes: The St. Carlos Gestational Diabetes Mellitus Prevention Study

Year Published: 2018




Assaf-Balut C et al


This study evaluated the effect of late-trimester degree of adherence to the Mediterranean Diet and outcomes for both the fetus and mother. Investigators examined six food targets, including adherence to more than 3 servings of nuts per week.

Key Findings

Key Findings: Late first trimester high adherence to the six food targets, including >3 servings nuts per week, was associated with reduced risk of: gestational diabetes, urinary tract infections, prematurity, and small-for-gestational age newborns.