Cancer, Dietary Patterns

Year Published: 2019

Journal

Curr Dev Nutr

Authors

Ioanna Yiannakou, Martha Singer, Paul Jacques, Lynn Moore

Methods

This study looked at the relationship between adherence to a Mediterranean-style dietary pattern and risk of cancer. Investigators examined 3,199 participants in the Framingham Offspring Cohort Study. Mediterranean diets emphasize plant foods including nuts and olive oil.

Key Findings

High adherence to a Mediterranean-style diet was associated with a 25-30% reduced risk of cancer in women. There were beneficial effects for men as well, although not as strong. Effects were also stronger for non-smokers and former smokers than for smokers