Year Published: 2019
Curr Dev Nutr
Ioanna Yiannakou, Martha Singer, Paul Jacques, Lynn Moore
This study looked at the relationship between adherence to a Mediterranean-style dietary pattern and risk of cancer. Investigators examined 3,199 participants in the Framingham Offspring Cohort Study. Mediterranean diets emphasize plant foods including nuts and olive oil.
High adherence to a Mediterranean-style diet was associated with a 25-30% reduced risk of cancer in women. There were beneficial effects for men as well, although not as strong. Effects were also stronger for non-smokers and former smokers than for smokers