Adherence to the MIND diet in relation to glioma: a case-control study
Year Published: 2020
Sanaz Soltani, Mehdi Shayanfar, Sanaz Benisi-Kohansal, Minoo Mohammad-Shirazi, Giuve Sharifi, Abolghassem Djazayeri , Ahmad Esmaillzadeh
This study looked at the relationship between MIND diet adherence and risk of glioma in Iranian adults. The MIND diet is one that empasizes "brain foods" shown to positively impact health, including berries, peanuts/nuts, and whole grains. Glioma is a type of brain cancer. The study was a case-control one in which researchers identified positive cases of diagnosed glioma and examined them against dietary intake as measured by a food frequency questionnaire. Positive cases were compared to negative cases relative to dietary intake.
Key Findings: In this hospital-based study, 128 newly diagnosed glioma cases were identified. Greater adherence to the MIND diet was associated with a 47% lower risk of having glioma compared to the lowest adherence. Controlling for potential confounders strengthened the association. The MIND diet may be inversely associated with glioma; however, more clinical studies are needed to confirm this finding.