Association Between Nut Consumption and Low Muscle Strength Among Korean Adults

Year Published: 2023


Br J Nutr


Shinyoung Jun, Sunhye Shin


Nuts are an important component of a healthy diet, but little has been known about their effects on muscle health. Therefore, this study examined the association between nut consumption and low muscle strength among Korean adults. This cross-sectional analysis was conducted using single 24-hour recall and handgrip strength data from 3,962 younger adults 19-39y, 6,921 middle-aged adults 40-64y, and 3,961 older adults ≥65y participated in the seventh cycle (2016-2018) of the Korea National Health and Examination Survey (KNHANES). Low muscle strength was defined as handgrip strength <28 kg for men and <18 kg for women. Sex-specific odds ratios (ORs) were obtained for younger, middle-aged, and older adults using multivariable logistic regression analyses. About one in four Korean adults were consuming nuts (using a culinary definition) with peanut being the most frequently consumed type.

Key Findings

Key Findings: After adjustment for age, body mass index, total energy intake, household income, alcohol consumption, smoking, resistance exercise, medical history, and dietary protein intake, nut consumption was associated with the lower risk of low muscle strength among older adults ≥65y (men: OR 0.55, 95% CI 0.38, 0.79; women: OR 0.69, 95% CI 0.51, 0.93); however, this association was not observed among younger adults 19-39y or middle-aged adults 40-64y. Our results suggest that consuming nuts might be beneficial in lowering the risk of low muscle strength among Korean older adults.