Association between nut intake and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease risk: a retrospective case-control study in a sample of Chinese Han adults

Year Published: 2019


BMJ Open


Chen BB, Han Y, Pan X, Yan J, Liu W, Li Y, Lin X, Xu S, Peng XE


This was a case-control study in 534 patients diagnosed with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in China. Authors examined the relationship between nut consumption and NAFLD. Nuts in this study included peanuts, walnuts, and seeds.

Key Findings

Key Findings: For men who ate the highest amount of nuts (including peanuts), nut consumption was associated with a 57% reduced risk of NAFLD compared with men who did not consume nuts.