Comparative study for sorption of arsenic on peanut shell biochar and modified peanut shell biochar

Year Published: 2023


Biosource Technology


Rohit Kushwaha a, Ram Sharan Singh b, Devendra Mohan


In this study, arsenite [As(III)] and arsenate [As(V)] removal efficiency of peanut shell biochar (PSB) and modified peanut shell biochar (MPSB) was compared in aqueous solutions. The modification was carried out with KMnO4 and KOH. Sorption efficiency of MPSB was relatively higher than PSB at pH 6 for As(III) (86%) and for As(V) (91.26%) for initial concentration of 1 mg/L, adsorbent dose of 0.5 g/L and 240 min equilibrium time at 100 rpm. Freundlich isotherm and pseudo-second order kinetic model suggested possible multilayer chemisorption.

Key Findings

Key Findings: Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy showed that –OH, C–C, Cdouble bondC and C–O–C groups contributed significantly in adsorption for both PSB and MPSB. Thermodynamic study showed that the adsorption process was spontaneous and endothermic. Regeneration studies revealed that PSB and MPSB can be successfully used for three cycles. This study established that peanut shell is a low-cost, environment friendly and efficient biochar for removal of arsenic from water.