Year Published: 2018
Lancet Public Health
Seidelmann SB, Claggett B, Cheng S, Henglin M, Shah A, Steffen LM, Folsom AR, Rimm EB, Willett WC, Solomon SD
Authors examined the relationship between carbohydrate intake and mortality, particularly in the context of low-carbohydrate diets. Data was taken from 14,428 adults in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communitites (ARIC) study conducted between 1987-1989. They also assessed whether substituting animal or plant sources of fat and protein for carbohydrate affected mortality
Results showed that both low carbohydrate consumption and high carbohydrate consumption were associated with increased mortality. However, authors found that when carbohydrates were exchanged for plant-based fats and proteins including nuts and peanut butter, mortality significatly decreased. Mortality increased when carbohydrates were exchanged for animal-derived fats or proteins.