Effects of food attributes on hunger and food intake.
Year Published: 2000
International Journal of Obesity
SV Kirkmeyer & RD Mattes
The aim of this study was to explore the effect of a food's macronutrient composition and energy density on hunger and food intake. The investigators gave 24 participants preloads of certain foods including peanuts and peanut butter to test this.
Key Findings: Hunger ratings after consuming peanuts/peanut butter were significantly less than lower energy preloads. The authors conclude that energy content may be the primary determinant of a food's impact on hunger.