Effects of whole peanut within an energy-restricted diet on inflammatory and oxidative processes in obese women: a randomized controlled trial
Year Published: 2021
J Sci Food Agric
Cristiane Gonçalves de Oliveira Fialho, Ana Paula Boroni Moreira, Josefina Bressan, Rita de Cássia Gonçalves Alfenas, Richard Mattes, Neuza Maria Brunoro Costa
Key Findings: Results: WP lost an average of 3.2 kg, while SP group lost 2.6 kg and the NP group 1.8 kg. However, only the groups that consumed peanuts showed a significant reduction in body mass index (BMI). WP group presented lower body weight, BMI, waist circumference, total lean mass, and total body fat than the SP group in the 8th week. There was a significant reduction in total cholesterol and LDL after four weeks of intervention, which was maintained in week-8 for the WP and SP groups. In addition, there was an improvement in platelets and plasma homocysteine with WP.
Conclusion: Our results suggest that the regular intake of the whole peanut as part of an energy-restricted diet showed health benefits since it enhanced body weight loss, besides improving body composition and reducing cholesterol, platelets, and homocysteine concentrations.