Gut microbiome

Year Published: 2019

Journal

Nutrients

Authors

Rinninella E, Cintoni M, Raoul P, Lopetuso LR, Scaldaferri F, Pulcini G, Miggiano GAD, Gasbarrini A, Mele MC

Methods

In this review, authors looked at the potential of various foods and diets to impact the structure and function of the gut microbiome.

Key Findings

Several food components were identified as ones that promote a healthy diversity of microorganisms in the gut, including plant proteins, polyphenols, vitamins, and minerals. In addition, the Mediterranean diet, which includes nuts, was shown to improve gut diversity. More research is needed in this area, however, to examine more of the health effects of various foods on the microbiome.