Dietary Patterns

Year Published: 2018


Am J Clin Nutr


Lukas Schwingshackl, Georg Hoffmann, Khalid Iqbal, Carolina Schwedhelm, and Heiner Boeing


This study analyzed 66 randomized trials in 3,595 participants. The aim was to look at the association between consumption of various food groups (including nuts) and chronic disease outcomes.

Key Findings

Nuts were more effective at reducing total cholesterol than refined grains, eggs, fish, and red meat. Nuts were also more effective at reducing fasting blood glucose than other food groups. Additionally, results showed that nuts were effective at reducing CRP, a marker of inflammation.