Dietary Patterns

Year Published: 2019




GBD 2017 Diet Collaborators


In this study, authors collected geographically representative dietary data from 195 countries in order to estimate the effect that individual diets have on mortality from non-communicable diseases (NCDs).

Key Findings

Results showed that in 2017, an estimated 11 million deaths were attributable to dietary behaviors. Authors found that most countries ate too little nuts and seeds, and too much sodium and red meat. In fact, dietary intake of all unhealthy foods/nutrients exceeded the optimal level globally. In Latin America, a diet low in nuts and seeds was responsible for the greatest proportion of dietary-related deaths in 2017. Authors conclude that there is an urgent need to improve human diets globally, as this could potentially prevent one in five deaths.