Longitudinal Analysis of Nut-Inclusive Diets and Body Mass Index Among Overweight and Obese African American Women Living in Rural Alabama and Mississippi, 2011–2013

Year Published: 2017


Prev Chronic Dis


Samara R. Sterling, PhD, MS; Brenda Bertrand, PhD, RD; Suzanne Judd, PhD; Tiffany L. Carson, PhD; Paula Chandler-Laney, PhD; Monica L. Baskin, PhD


This 2-year longitudinal study looked at the relationship between nut consumption and obesity in 383 African-American women in the rural South. Authors also looked at overall diets of participants based on nut consumption.

Key Findings

Key Findings: The main nut consumed in this study was peanuts. Authors found that nut consumption was associated with consumption of other nutritionally rich foods over time (fruits, vegetables). There was also an inverse relationship between nut consumption and body mass index, where nut consumers weighed significantly less by the end of the intervention than non-nut consumers. Authors recommend that future interventions target increasing nut intake.