Dietary Patterns, Obesity

Year Published: 2017

Journal

Prev Chronic Dis

Authors

Samara R. Sterling, PhD, MS; Brenda Bertrand, PhD, RD; Suzanne Judd, PhD; Tiffany L. Carson, PhD; Paula Chandler-Laney, PhD; Monica L. Baskin, PhD

Methods

This 2-year longitudinal study looked at the relationship between nut consumption and obesity in 383 African-American women in the rural South. Authors also looked at overall diets of participants based on nut consumption.

Key Findings

The main nut consumed in this study was peanuts. Authors found that nut consumption was associated with consumption of other nutritionally rich foods over time (fruits, vegetables). There was also an inverse relationship between nut consumption and body mass index, where nut consumers weighed significantly less by the end of the intervention than non-nut consumers. Authors recommend that future interventions target increasing nut intake.