Longitudinal association of changes in diet with changes in body weight and waist circumference in subjects at high cardiovascular risk: the PREDIMED trial

Year Published: 2019


Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act


Konieczna J, Romaguera D, Pereira V, Fiol M, Razquin C, Estruch R, Asensio EM, Babio N, Fitó M, Gómez-Gracia E, Ros E, Lapetra J, Arós F, Serra-Majem L, Pintó X, Toledo E, Sorlí JV, Bulló M, Schröder H, Martínez-González MA


This study examined 7,009 participants at high risk for cardiovascular disease for approximately 4.8 years. Authors looked at the relationship between dietary changes and changes in body weight over this time.

Key Findings

Key Findings: Results showed that increased consumption of nuts and vegetables was associated with reductions in waist circumference (a measure of body fat distribution). A higher consumption of plant foods was associated with less weight gain over time. In contrast, red meats, alcohol, and ultra-processed foods were associated with more weight gain over time.