Metabolic Syndrome Features and Excess Weight Were Inversely Associated with Nut Consumption after 1-Year Follow-Up in the PREDIMED-Plus Study

Year Published: 2020


J Nutr


Alicia Julibert, Maria Del Mar Bibiloni, Laura Gallardo-Alfaro, Manuela Abbate, Miguel Á Martínez-González, Jordi Salas-Salvadó, Dolores Corella, Montse Fitó, J Alfredo Martínez, Ángel M Alonso-Gómez, Julia Wärnberg, Jesús Vioque, Dora Romaguera, José Lopez-Miranda, Ramon Estruch, Francisco J Tinahones, José Lapetra, Lluís Serra-Majem, Naomi Cano-Ibañez, Vicente Martín-Sánchez , Xavier Pintó, et al.


"High nut consumption has been previously associated with decreased prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) regardless of race and dietary patterns. Objectives: The aim of this study was to assess whether changes in nut consumption over a 1-y follow-up are associated with changes in features of MetS in a middle-aged and older Spanish population at high cardiovascular disease risk."

Key Findings

Key Findings: As nut intake increased, there was a significant decrease in waist circumference, triglycerides, systolic blood pressure, weight, and BMI (P < 0.05), and a significant increase in HDL cholesterol (only in women, P = 0.044). Authors conclude that "Features of MetS and excess weight were inversely associated with nut consumption after a 1-y follow-up in the PREDIMED-Plus study cohort."