Mixture of Peanut Skin Extract, Geniposide, and Isoquercitrin Improves the Hepatic Lipid Accumulation of Mice via Modification of Gut Microbiota Homeostasis and the TLR4 and AMPK Signaling Pathways

Year Published: 2023


Int J Mol Sci


Meijuan Yi 1 , Opeyemi B Fasina 1 , Yajing Li 1 , Lan Xiang 1 , Jianhua Qi


Metabolic-dysfunction-associated steatotic liver disease (MASLD, formerly known as NAFLD) is a global chronic liver disease, and no licensed drugs are currently available for its treatment. The incidence of MASLD is increasing, which could lead to a huge clinical and economic burden. As a multifactorial disease, MASLD involves a complex set of metabolic changes, and many monotherapies for it are not clinically effective. Therefore, combination therapies using multiple drugs are emerging, with the advantages of improving drug efficacy and reducing side effects. Peanut skin extract (PSE), geniposide (GEN), and isoquercitrin (IQ) are three natural antiaging components or compounds. In this study, the preventive effects of individual PSE, GEN, and IQ in comparison with the effects of their mixture (MPGI) were examined in a mouse model of high-fat-feed-induced MASLD.

Key Findings

Key Findings: The results showed that MPGI could significantly reduce the body and liver weights of mice and improve hepatic steatosis and liver function indicators. Further mechanistic studies showed that PSE, GEN, and IQ worked together by reducing inflammation, modulating the intestinal flora, and regulating the TLR4/NF-κB, AMPK/ACC/CPT1, and AMPK/UKL1/LC3B signaling pathways. It is a promising therapeutic method for preventing MASLD.