Nuts in the Prevention and Management of Type 2 Diabetes
Year Published: 2023
Stephanie K. Nishi 1,2,3,4,5,*ORCID, Effie Viguiliouk 4, Cyril W. C. Kendall 4,5,6,7, David J. A. Jenkins 4,5,6,8,9,10ORCID, Frank B. Hu 11,12,13, John L. Sievenpiper 4,5,6,8,9,10, Alessandro Atzeni 1,2,3ORCID, Anoop Misra 14,15,16 and Jordi Salas-Salvadó 1,2,3
Diabetes is a continuously growing global concern affecting >10% of adults, which may be mitigated by modifiable lifestyle factors. Consumption of nuts and their inclusion in dietary patterns has been associated with a range of beneficial health outcomes. Diabetes guidelines recommend dietary patterns that incorporate nuts; however, specific recommendations related to nuts have been limited. This review considers the epidemiological and clinical evidence to date for the role of nut consumption as a dietary strategy for the prevention and management of type 2 diabetes (T2D) and related complications.
Key Findings: Findings suggest nut consumption may have a potential role in the prevention and management of T2D, with mechanistic studies assessing nuts and individual nut-related nutritional constituents supporting this possibility. However, limited definitive evidence is available to date, and future studies are needed to elucidate better the impact of nuts on the prevention and management of T2D.