Peanut supplementation affects compositions and functions of gut microbiome in Ugandan children

Year Published: 2024

Journal

Food Funct

Authors

Jia-Sheng Wang 1 , Kathy Xue 1 , Zilin Li 1 , John Ssempebwa 2 , Gakenia Wamuyu-Maina 2 , Geofrey Musinguzi 3 , Jamie Rhoads 3 , Dave Hoisington 3 , Lili Tang

Methods

Childhood malnutrition remains a serious global health concern, particularly in low-income nations like Uganda. This study investigated the impact of peanut supplementation on the compositions and functions of gut microbiome with nutritional improvement. School children aged 6-9 years from four rural communities were recruited, with half receiving roasted peanut snacks while the other half served as controls. Fecal samples were collected at the baseline (day 0), day 60, and day 90. Microbial DNA was extracted, and 16S rRNA sequencing was performed, followed by the measurement of SCFA concentration in fecal samples using UHPLC.

Key Findings

Key Findings: Alpha and beta diversity analyses revealed significant differences between the control and supplemented groups after 90 days of supplementation. Leuconostoc lactis, Lactococcus lactis, Lactococcus garvieae, Eubacterium ventriosum, and Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron, associated with the production of beneficial metabolites, increased significantly in the supplemented group. Acetic acid concentration also increased significantly. Notably, pathogenic bacteria, including Clostridium perfringens and Leuconostoc mesenteroides, were decreased in the supplemented group. The study indicates the potential of peanut supplementation to modulate the gut metabolome, enrich beneficial bacteria, and inhibit pathogens, suggesting a novel approach to mitigating child malnutrition and improving health status.