Phytosterol Composition of Arachis hypogaea Seeds from Different Maturity Classes
Year Published: 2018
Wenxu Zhou, William D. Branch, Lissa Gilliam and Julie A. Marshall
The aim of this study was to evaluate the phytosterol composition of peanut kernels, embryos, and skins.
Key Findings: According to the authors, "The three biosynthetic end products in the phytosterol pathway, β-sitosterol, campesterol and stigmasterol, comprised 82.29%, 86.39% and 94.25% of seed hearts, kernels and seed coats, respectively. Stigmasterol concentration was highest in the seed kernel, providing an excellent source of this sterol known to have beneficial effects on human health. Peanut hearts contained the highest concentration of sterols by mass, potentially providing protection and resources for the developing seedling. The amount of α-tocopherol increases in peanut hearts during the maturation process, providing protection from temperature stress, as well as stability required for seedling vigor."