Plant‐Based Diets Are Associated With a Lower Risk of Incident Cardiovascular Disease, Cardiovascular Disease Mortality, and All‐Cause Mortality in a General Population of Middle‐Aged Adults

Year Published: 2019


J AM Heart Assoc


Hyunju Kim , Laura E. Caulfield , Vanessa Garcia‐Larsen , Lyn M. Steffen , Josef Coresh , and Casey M. Rebholz


This study looked at data from over 12,000 men and women in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study who were followed from 1987-2016. The aim was to examine adherence to a plant-based diet and mortality risk.

Key Findings

Key Findings: Results showed that eating a healthy plant-based diet (including nuts, legumes, fruits and vegetables) lowered the risk of dying prematurely from multiple causes, including cardiovascular disease. This confirms the results of an earlier study showing that eating peanuts/peanut butter lowers mortality risk by 21%.