The effect of nut consumption on markers of inflammation and endothelial function: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials

Year Published: 2017


BMJ Open


Elizabeth P Neale, Linda C Tapsell, Vivienne Guan, and Marijka J Batterham


This study was an analysis of 32 randomized controlled trials that examined the relationship between nut/peanut consumption and endothelial function, as well as inflammation.

Key Findings

Key Findings: The systematic review and analysis showed a potential relationship between nut consumption and improved endothelial function. The authors noted, however, that more research (particularly randomized controlled trials) is needed in this area. There may also be a benefit on inflammatory biomarkers, such as CRP, particularly when other foods are substituted for nuts. More research is needed in this area as well, however.