Dietary Patterns

Year Published: 2019

Journal

Front Nutr

Authors

Aleksandra Tomova, Igor Bukovsky, Emilie Rembert, Willy Yonas, Jihad Alwarith, Neal D. Barnard, and Hana Kahleova

Methods

Evidence suggests that the bioactive compounds, polyphenols, and fibers in plant foods may positively affect the gut microbiome. This review looked at the current evidence surrounding plant-based diets and the gut microbiome.

Key Findings

"Up to date knowledge suggests that a plant-based diet may be an effective way to promote a diverse ecosystem of beneficial microbes that support overall health. Nonetheless, due to the complexity and inter-individual differences, further research is required to fully characterize the interactions between diet, the microbiome, and health outcomes."