The Relationship of Tree Nuts and Peanuts with Adiposity Parameters: A Systematic Review and Network Meta-Analysis

Year Published: 2021




Rubén Fernández-Rodríguez, Arthur E Mesas, Miriam Garrido-Miguel, Isabel A Martínez-Ortega, Estela Jiménez-López, Vicente Martínez-Vizcaíno


This systematic review and meta-analysis examined the relationship between tree nut/peanut consumption and body weight, body mass index, waist circumference, and body fat percentage.

Key Findings

Key Findings: A total of 105 randomized controlled trials were included in the analysis. Neither peanut nor tree nut consumption influenced body fat measurements. This conclusion supports previous findings that despite the high fat content of nuts, peanut/tree nut consumption does not contribute to weight gain.