Dietary patterns and metabolic syndrome among overweight and obese adults

Year Published: 2018


Poster presentation at University of Illinois at Urbana- Champaign


Claire Cheng, Sharon V Thompson, Hannah D Holscher


This study examined 107 adults aged 25-45 yrs with a BMI over 25. Authors used the International Diabetes Federation Guidelines to assess presence of metabolic syndrome (MetS). They administered a dietary questionnaire from the National Cancer Institute, and used principal components analysis to find dietary patterns. They then identified dietary differences between participants with or without MetS.

Key Findings

Key Findings: A higher consumption of meat, cheese, starchy vegetables, and added sugars was associated with increased metabolic syndrome, while intake of seafood, nuts, and seeds was associated with decreased metabolic syndrome.