Dietary Patterns, Metabolic Syndrome

Year Published: 2018

Journal

Poster presentation at University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Authors

Claire Cheng, Sharon V Thompson, Hannah D Holscher

Methods

This study examined 107 adults aged 25-45 yrs with a BMI over 25. Authors used the International Diabetes Federation Guidelines to assess presence of metabolic syndrome (MetS). They administered a dietary questionnaire from the National Cancer Institute, and used principal components analysis to find dietary patterns. They then identified dietary differences between participants with or without MetS.

Key Findings

A higher consumption of meat, cheese, starchy vegetables, and added sugars was associated with increased metabolic syndrome, while intake of seafood, nuts, and seeds was associated with decreased metabolic syndrome.